By Neil J. Mitchell
Who's liable for the phobia, atrocities, and violations of human rights that ensue in civil wars? Blame could be at once attributed to the particular perpetrators of the massacres, rapes, and pillaging--but it will possibly even be put on the leaders who usually conceal in the back of their ambivalent orders. putting accountability truly within the fingers of political management, Mitchell explores the interplay of leaders, their administration practices and repressive guidelines, utilizing the Arab-Israeli clash and the English and Russian civil wars to make clear whilst leaders are roughly prone to flip to atrocities to accomplish their pursuits. With civil wars carrying on with to rage around the globe, Agents of Atrocity presents a well timed background of atrocities and the leaders and henchmen who carried them out, whereas delivering a brand new context for figuring out why they ensue and the way they are often avoided within the future.
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Additional resources for Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War
The Russian Civil War saw widespread torture and killing. Atrocities in the English Civil War were few. Both these wars were serious wars. They saw extensive conflict, attracted outside intervention, upended the existing monarchical structure of government, and stretched over a period of years. The toll of the Israeli War, which also attracted outside intervention, is substantially closer to the English Civil War than to the Russian. What accounts for the differences in human rights violations across these civil wars?
Civil war signals that the level of threat is severe, provoking severe repression. Further, during civil war the government has the means to commit atrocities as it mobilizes and arms large numbers of soldiers, police, and citizens. Finally, civil wars present governments 20 / AGENTS OF ATROCITY with the best opportunities to lower the political costs of violations; violations can be obscured by the general fog of war, admitted but shrugged off with a “c’est la guerre” necessity, or framed as an unfortunate but appropriate response to the more bloodthirsty opposition.
In contrast to other bureaucracies in which the private motivation of agents is to shirk and is clearly an opposing goal to that of the principal, in the area of political violence the principal may also derive additional benefits from the “extra work” put in by reward-seeking agents. Their self-indulgent acts may have positive externalities for the principal; there may be beneficial political, tactical, or even justice consequences stemming from the agents’ killing and looting. There are layers of incentives at work.
Agents of Atrocity: Leaders, Followers, and the Violation of Human Rights in Civil War by Neil J. Mitchell