By Greg Robinson
The confinement of a few 120,000 jap americans in the course of international battle II, referred to as the japanese American internment, has been defined because the worst legitimate civil rights violation of contemporary U. S. background. Greg Robinson not just bargains a daring new realizing of those occasions but additionally reports them inside a bigger timeframe and from a transnational perspective.
Drawing on newly chanced on fabric, Robinson offers a backstory of confinement that unearths for the 1st time the level of the yankee government's surveillance of jap groups within the years best as much as struggle and the development of what officers termed "concentration camps" for enemy extraterrestrial beings. He additionally considers the aftermath of confinement, together with where of jap american citizens in postwar civil rights struggles, the lengthy circulation by means of former camp inmates for redress, and the continued position of the camps as touchstones for national commemoration and debate.
Most remarkably, A Tragedy of Democracy is the 1st e-book to research professional coverage towards West Coast jap american citizens inside of a North American context. Robinson stories confinement at the mainland along occasions in wartime Hawaii, the place fears of eastern americans justified military dictatorship, suspension of the structure, and the imposition of army tribunals. He equally reads the therapy of jap americans opposed to Canada's confinement of 22,000 voters and citizens of jap ancestry from British Columbia. A Tragedy of Democracy recounts the expulsion of virtually 5,000 eastern from Mexico's Pacific Coast and the poignant tale of the japanese Latin american citizens who have been abducted from their houses and interned within the usa. coming near near jap confinement as a continental and overseas phenomenon, Robinson deals a very kaleidoscopic knowing of its genesis and outcomes.
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Extra resources for A Tragedy of Democracy: Japanese Confinement in North America
Indb 42 4/17/09 8:03:05 AM BACKGROUND TO CONFINEMENT  conscription for service in the Western Hemisphere. Following the vote in Congress, in September 1940 Roosevelt signed the Selective Service Act—the ﬁrst peacetime draft in American history. S. War Department opened conscription to Japanese Americans—a point that will be discussed further in chapter 5. After the November presidential election, in which Franklin Roosevelt won an unprecedented third term, the White House announced a plan of military and economic aid, dubbed Lend-Lease, to allow a bankrupt Great Britain (and, following the Nazi invasion on June 22, 1941, the Soviet Union) to carry on the burden of war.
Others, noting the pervasive discrimination that ethnic Japanese faced in the United States and Canada, sought closer ties with Japan and looked ahead to an eventual return. indb 25 4/17/09 8:03:02 AM  CHAPTER 1 children would be familiar with Japanese language and customs. That way, they could not only adapt in case the families should choose to repatriate but could ﬁnd jobs with Japanese companies where their advancement would not be blocked by racial prejudice. To teach the second-generation children Japanese and to allow them to communicate more easily with parents who spoke poor English, the Issei communities expended signiﬁcant community funds on maintaining Japanese schools for their children to attend.
War in Europe and the Japanese Canadians Although Canada did not intervene ofﬁcially against the Japanese occupation of China, public opposition to Tokyo and growing fears of global conﬂict became prominent parts of the Canadian political landscape. indb 39 4/17/09 8:03:05 AM  CHAPTER 1 cians who sought their support. Thomas Reid, MP for New Westminster, argued in the magazine Saturday Night in July 1937 that the twenty-two thousand Japanese Canadians were a menace to national security. Because of their high birthrate, Japanese Canadians were encroaching on the economic and political centers of power, but their racial inassimilability and their attachment to the Japanese emperor made them incapable of supporting Canada.
A Tragedy of Democracy: Japanese Confinement in North America by Greg Robinson