By Fa Hien, James Legge
A recording of the chinese language Buddhist monk's travels to convey Buddhist scriptures to India and Sri Lanka among 399 and 412AD.
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It must have been between the Indus and the Swat. I suppose it was what we now call Swastene. CHAPTER IX. SOO-HO-TO. LEGEND OF BUDDHA. In that country also Buddhism is flourishing. There is in it the place where Sakra, Ruler of Devas, in a former age, tried the Bodhisattva, by producing a hawk (in pursuit of a) dove, when (the Bodhisattva) cut off a piece of his own flesh, and (with it) ransomed the dove. After Buddha had attained to perfect wisdom, and in travelling about with his disciples (arrived at this spot), he informed them that this was the place where he ransomed the dove with a piece of his own flesh.
ON TO SHEN-SHEN AND THENCE TO KHOTEN After travelling for seventeen days, a distance we may calculate of about 1500 le, (the pilgrims) reached the kingdom of Shen-shen, a country rugged and hilly, with a thin and barren soil. The clothes of the common people are coarse, and like those worn in our land of Han, some wearing felt and others coarse serge or cloth of hair;-- this was the only difference seen among them.  The common people of this and other kingdoms (in that region), as well as the sramans, all practise the rules of India, only that the latter do so more exactly, and the former more loosely.
2] Mahayana. It is a later form of the Buddhist doctrine, the second phase of its development corresponding to the state of a Bodhisattva, who, being able to transport himself and all mankind to nirvana, may be compared to a huge vehicle. See Davids on the "Key-note of the 'Great Vehicle,'" Hibbert Lectures, p. 254.  Fa-hien supplies sufficient information of how the common store or funds of the monasteries were provided, farther on in chapters xvi and xxxix, as well as in other passages. As the point is important, I will give here, from Davids' fifth Hibbert Lecture (p.
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms by Fa Hien, James Legge